The Phoenicians arrived in this area first, establishing a number of trade colonies by the river. They taught the locals how to work with iron and created a new way of processing gold. The Romans came next and founded the town of Hispalis a few hundred years BC. Hispalis grew in to a beautiful and prosperous city, but never managed to emerge from the shadow of nearby Córdoba, until the Visigoths transformed Hispalis in to a provincial seat and a centre of learning. In the 11th century, the Moors captured the city and re-named it Ishbiliya, but they too chose to make the grander city of Córdoba their capital. They even named it the Córdoba Caliphate.
After almost 400 years of civil war battles between Christians and Arabs, the Moors withdrew from their beloved Al-Andalus. Soon after, the inhabitants of Seville finally struck gold. When Christopher Columbus discovered a new continent in 1492, the exclusive trade rights were given not to Córdoba, but to Seville. The city quickly became the wealthiest and most cosmopolitan city in Europe, and retained that position for several hundred years. This eclectic mix of influences over the centuries have shaped the city we see today, and Seville's fascinating history is visible at every turn.
Cathedral Santa María de la Sede
This is the third-largest cathedral in Europe. It was originally built as a mosque in the 12th-century and its 328 feet-high minaret is now the Giralda clock tower. Christopher Columbus is buried inside the cathedral.
Plaza de Espana
This amazing massive building is the most impressive sight along with the cathedral and is a must-see when visiting Seville. It is located in the stunning Maria Luisa Park and was built for the Ibero-American Exhibition of 1929, held in Seville. The style of this amazing building is inspired by the Renaissance with characteristic elements from the city: exposed brick and ceramics. Fun fact to know if you are a Star War fan; Plaza de España has been used for some of the scenes of episode II of George Lucas' Star Wars saga "Attack of the clones".
Seville’s oldest bar has been in business since 1670, and the bill is still written in chalk on the bar. The setting is elegant and beautiful and the selection of drinks is sure to satisfy. They also serve good tapas if you are feeling hungry.
Good to know
Seville’s local transport is managed by TUSSAM. The main bus routes run 6am-11:45pm (including several circular routes), and there are also six night buses. There is one tram line that runs south from Plaza Nueva to San Bernardo train station. Single tickets cost 1.40 Euros for buses (bought on board) and 1.20 Euros for the tram, and there are travel cards ranging from one day to one month are available.
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